Брадиаритмии - Принятие решений в интенсивной терапии

Cohn К., Calanchini P. Syncope: evaluation and management. -In: Mason D. Т., ed. Cardiac Emergen­cies. Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins, 1978, 260.

Dreifus L. S., Michelson Е. L., Kaplinsky Е. Brady arrhythmias: clinical significance and management.—J. Am. Coil. CardioL, 1983, 1, 327.

^ Jacobson L.B., Lester P.M., Scheinman M.M. Management of acute bundle branch block and bradyarrhythmias— Med. Clin. North. Am., 1979, 63, 93.

Гипотензия. Часть I

Holzer J., Karliner J.S., O'Rourke R.A., Pitt W., Ross J., Jr. Effectiveness ofdopamine in patients with cardiogenic shock. Am. J. CardioL, 1973, 32, 79.

Kerber R. Е., Gascho J. A., Litchfield R., Wolfson P., Ott D., Pandian N. G. Hemodynamic effects of volu­me expansion and nitroprussid compared with pericardiocetesis in patients with acute cardiac tamponade.-N. Engl. J. Med., 1982, 307, 929.

Lesch M. Inotropic agents and infarc size. Theoretical and practical considerations.— Am. J. Cardiol., 1976, 37, 508.

Гипотензня. Часть 2

Hoffman M. J., Greenfield L. J., Sugerman Н. J., Tatum J. L. Unsuspected right ventricular dysfunction in shock and sepsis.—Ann. Surg., 1983, 198, 307.

Rackov E.C, Falk J.L., Fein L.A., Siegel J.S., Packman M. I., Haupt M. Т., Kaufman B. S., Putman D. Fluid resuscitation in circulatory shock: a comparison of the cardiorespiratory effects of albumin, he-tastarch, and saline solutions in patients with hypovolemic and septic shock.- Crit. Care Med., 1983, 11, 839.

Гипотензия. Часть 3

Forrester J.S., Waters D. D. Hospital treatment of congestive heart failure. Management according to he-modynamic profile. Am. J. Med., 1978, 65, 173.

Salomon N. W., Plachetka J. R.. Copelund J. G. Comparison ofdopamine and dobutamine following co­ronary artery bypass grafting. -Ann. Thorac. Surg., 1982, 33, 48.

Simpson P.С. Jr, Bristow J. D. Recognition and management of emergencies in valvular heart disease. Mcd. Clin. North. Am., 1979, 63, 155.

Wilson R.F., Sibbuld W.J., Jaanimagi J.L. Hemodynamic effects ofdopamine in criticalli ill septic pa­tients. J. Surg. Res., 1976, 20, 163.

Гипертензивные неотложные состояния

Alpert M.A., Bauer J.H. Rapid control of severe hypertention with minoxidil.— Arch. Int. Med., 1982, 142, 2099.

Flaherty J.Т., Magce P.A.. Gardner T.L., Potter A., MacAllister N.P. Comparison of intravenous ni-troglycerin and sodium nitroprusside for treatment of acute hypertension developing after coronary artery bypass surgery. Circulation, 1982, 65, 1072.

Messerii F.H., Frofilich E.D. High blood pressure. A side effect of drugs, poisons, and food. Arch. In­tern. Med., 1979, 139. 682.

Mittleman J.D., Mukoff D.L. Hypertension. In: Berk J.L., Sampliner J.E. eds. Handbook of Critical Care. Boston, Little, Brown and Company, 1982, 227.

Ишемия миокарда

Chatterjee К., Rouleau J.L., Parmley W.W. Medical management of patients with angina: has first-line management changed? JAMA, 1984,252, 1170.

Epstein S.E. et al. Angina pectoris: Pathophysiology, evaluation, and treatment.—Ann. Intern. Med., 1971, 75, 263.

Katzung B.C., Chattergee K. Vasodilators and the treatment of angina pectoris.— In: Katzung B.G., ed.

Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. Los Altos, Ca: Lange Medical Publications, 1984, 128.

Хроническая левожелудочковая недостаточность

Chatterjee К., Parmlev W.W. The role ofvasodilator therapy in heart failuere.— Prog. Cardiovasc. Dis., 1977, 19. 301.

Chatterjee К. Digitalis versus newer inotropic agents: which to use.—Drug therapy, 1982, 12, 83—96.

Chatterjee К., Parmley W.W. Vasodilator therapy for acute myocardial infarction and congestive heart failure.- J. Am. Coil. Cardiol., 1983, I, 133.

Правожелудочковая недостаточность

Goldstein J.A. et al. The role of right ventricular systolic dysfunction and elevated intrapericardial press­ure in the genesis of low output in experimental right ventricular failure.—Circulation, 1982, 65, 513.

Rigo P. et al. Right ventricular disfunction detected by gated scintigraphy in patients with acute inferior myocardial infarction.— Circulation, 1975, 52, 268.

Topol E. J. et al. Hemodynamic benefits of artrial pacing in right ventricular myocardial infarction.— Ann. Intern. Med., 1982, 96, 594.

Тампонада сердца

Guberman В.A., Fowler N.О., Engle P.J., Gueron M., Alien J.M. Cardiac tamponade in medical pa­tients.—Circulation, 1981, 64, 633.

Shabetai R. The pericardium. New York: Grune Stratton, 1981. Spodick D.N. The normal and diseased pericardium: current concepts of pericardial physiology, diagnosis and treatment. J.Am. Coil. Cardiol., 1983, 1, 240.


Ansell G. Adverse reactions to contrast agents.—Invest. Radiol., 1970, 5, 373.

Kelly J.F., Patterson R. The treatment of anaphylaxis. — Ration. Drug. Ther., 1973, 7, 1.

Kelly J.F., Patterson R. Anaphylaxis-course, mechanics, and treatment. JAMA, 1974, 227, 1431.

Lichtenstem L. M., Valentine M. D., Sobotka A. K. Insect allergy: the state of the art. - J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 1979, 64, 5.

Sampler M. Immunological Diseases. Boston, Little, Brown, 1978.

Катетеризация легочной артерии плавающим катетером

Connors 4А. F. Jr.. McAffree A. R., Gray В. A. Evaluation of right-heart catheterization in the critically ill patient without acute myocardial infarction. —N. Engl. J. Med., 1983, 308, 263.

Matthay M.A. Invasive hemodynamic monitoring in critically ill patients. -Clin. Chest. Med., 1983, 4, 233.

Quinn K., Quebbeman E.J. Pulmonary artery pressure monitoring in the surgical intensive care unit.— Arch. Surg., 1981, 116, 872.

Внутриаортальная баллонная контрапульсация

McCabe J.C. et al. Complications of intra-aortic balloon insertion and counterpulsation.—Circulation, 1978, 57, 769.

Port S.С. et al. Effects of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation on myocardial blood flow in patients with severe coronary artery disease.- J.Am. Coil. Cardiol., 1984, 3, 1367.

Scheid S. et al. Intra-aotic balloon counterpulsation in cardiogenic shock. A report of cooperative clinical trial. New Engl. J. Med.. 1973, 288, 979.


Cooper Т.В., Maclean W.A.H., Waldo A.L. Overdrive pacing for supraventricular tachycardia. A review of theoretical implications and therapeutic techniques.—PACE, 1978, 1, 196.

Hindman M.С., Wagner G. S., JaRo M. et al. The clinical significance of bundle branche block complicat­ing acute myocardial infarction.—Circulation, 1978, 58, 679.

Luderitz В. Electrophysiology and indications for pacing in the 80's.—PACE, 1982, 5, 548.

Waldo A.A., Maclean W.A.H. Diagnosis and treatment of cardiac arrhythmias following open heart sur­gery. Mount Kisco, NY, Futura Publishing Co, 1980.

Wellens H.J.J., Lie K.I., Durrer D. Further observations on ventricular tachycardia as studied by electri­cal stimulation of the heart. Chronic recurrent ventricular tachycardia and ventricular tachycardia during acute myocardial infarction.- Circulation, 1974, 49, 647.

Электрическая дефибрилляция

Grace W.J.. Kennedy R. J.. Nolle C. T. Blinde defibrillation. Am. J. Cardiol., 1974, 34, 115.

MacKenzie G.J., Taylor S. H., Me Donald A.H., Donald K. W. Haemodynamic effects of external cardiac compression.-Lancet, 1964, 1, 1342.

Tacker W. A., Jr., Galato F. M., Jr.. Giuliani E., Geddes L. A., McNamara D. G. Energy dosage for human trans-chest electrycal ventricular defibrillation.—N. Engl. J. Mcd., 1974, 290, 214.

Warner E.D., Dahl С., EwyG.A. Myocardial injury from transthoracic defibrillator countershock. Arch. PathoL, 1975, 99, 54.

Электрическая кардиоверсия

DeMaria A. N. et al. Echographic assessment ofatrial transport, mitral movement, and ventricular perfor­mance following electroversion of supraventricular arrhythmias.- Circulation, 1975, 51, 273.

Lown В., Kleiger R., WolffG. The technique of cardioversion. Am. Heart. J., 1964, 67, 282.

Lown В., Kleiger R.. William!; G. Cardioversion and digitalis drugs: changed theshold to electric shock in digitalized patients. Circ. Res., 1965, 7, 519.

Resnekow L. Drug therapy before and after eleclroversion of cardiac dysrhythmias. Prog. Cardiovasc. Dis., 1974, 16, 531.

Катетеризация артерий

Alien E.V. Thrombangiitis obliterans: methods of diagnosis of chronic occlusive arterial lesions distal to the wrist with illustrative cases.—Am. J. Med. Sci., 1929, 178, 237.

Band J.D., Maki D.G. Infections caused by arterial catheters used for hemodynamic monitoring.—Am. J. Med., 1979, 67, 735.

Bedford R.F., Wollman H. Complications of percutaneous radialartery cannulation: an objective prospec­tive study in man. Ancslhesiology, 1973, 38, 228.

Davis F. M., Stewart J. M. Radial artery cannulation. Br. J. Anaesth., 1980, 52, 41.

Downs J.В., Rackstein A.D., Klein E.F., Hawkinsl.F. Hazards of radial artery catheterization.- Anesthesiology, 1973, 38, 283.

Gardner R.M. Direct blood pressure measurement—dynamic response requirements.—Anesthesiology, 1981, 54, 227.

Gardner R.M., Schwartz R., Wong R.N., Burke J.P. Percutaneous indwelling radial-artery catheters for monitoring cardiovascular function.—N. Engl. J. Med., 1974, 290, 1227.

Осложнения гемотрансфузии

Barnes A.Jr. Transfusion of universal donor and uncrossmatched blood.—Bibl. Haematol., 1980, 46, 132.

Honig C.L., BoveJ.R. Transfusion associated fatalities: Review of Bureau of Biologic Reports.— Transfusion, 1980, 20, 653.

Huestis D.W., Bove J.R.. Busch S. Practical Blood Transfusion, 3rd ed. Boston, Little, Brown, 1981.

Miller R.D. Complications of massive blood transfusion.- Anesthesiology, 1973, 39, 82.

Mollison P.L. Blood Transfusion in Clinical Medicine, 6th ed., Oxford, Blackwell, 1979.


Dantzker D.K., Lynch J.P., Weg J.G. Depression of cardiac output is a mechanism of shunt reduction in the therapy of acute respiratory failure.—Chest, 1980, 77, 636.

Davidson F.F., Glazier J.В., Murray J.F. The components of the alveolar-arterial oxygen tension diffe­rence in normal subjects and in patients with pneumonia and obstructive lung disease.—Am. J. Med., 1972, 52, 754.


DeMarco F.J.Jr., Wynne J.W., Block A.J., Boysen P.G., Taasan V.C. Oxygen desaturation during sleep as a determinant of the "blue and bloated" syndrome.— Chest, 1981, 79, 621.

Don H. F., Dieppa R. A., Taylor P. Narcotic analgesics in anuric patients.—Anesthesiology, 1975, 42, 745.

West J. В. Causes of carbon dioxide retention in lung disease.—N. Engl. J. Med., 1971, 284, 1232.


Brownell L.G., West P., Sweatman P., Acres J.C., Kryger M.H. Protriptyline in obstructive sleep apnea: a double-blind study.—N. Engl. J. Med., 1982, 307, 1037.

Glenn W. W.L. Diaphragm pacing: present status.—PACE, 1978, 1, 357.

Guilleminault C.. Eldridge F.L., TUkian A., Simmons F.B., Dement W. C. Sleep apnea syndrome due to upper airway obstruction: a review of 25 cases.—Arch. Inter. Med., 1977, 137, 296.


Bishop M.J. Epiglottitis in the adult. — Anesthesiology, 1981, 55, 701.

Christopher К.L., Wood P.P.. Eckert R.C., BlagerF.B., Raney R.A., Souhrada J. F. Vocal-cord dys­function presenting as asthma.—N. Engl. J. Med., 1983, 308, 1566.

Owens G.R., Murphy D.M.F. Spirometric diagnosis of upper airway obstruction.—Arch. Intern. Med., 1983, 143, 1331.

Свистящее дыхание

Downing E.Т., Braman S.S., Fox M.J., Corrao W.M. Factitious asthma. Physiological approach to diagnosis.—JAMA, 1982, 248, 2878.

NcFadden E.R.Jr., Kiser R., de Groot W.J. Acute bronchial asthma. Relations between clinical and phy­siologic manifestations.—N. Engl. J. Med., 1973, 288, 221.

Ross S.R., Friedman C.J., Lesnefsky E.J. Near fatal bronchspasm induced by zomepirac sodium.—Ann. Allergy, 1982, 48, 233.

Двусторонние легочные инфильтраты у больного с иммунодефицитом

Coleman D.L., Dodek P.M., Luce J.M., Golden J.A., Gold W. M., Murray J. F. Diagnostic utility of fiberoptic bronchoscopy in patients with Pneymocystis carinii pneumonia and the acquired immune defi­ciency syndrome.—Am. Rev. Respir. Dis., 1983, 128, 795.

Fanta C.H., Pennington J.E. Fever and new lung infiltrates in the immunocompromised host.—Clin. Chest. Med., 1981, 2, 19.

Rossiter S. et al. Open lung biopsy in the immunosuppressed patient, is it really beneficial?—J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg., 1979. 77, 338.

Weiner M.H. et al. Antigen detection in the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis.—Ann. Inter. Med., 1983, 99, 777.

Wimberley N. et al. Use of a bronchoscopic-protected catheter brush for the diagnosis of pulmonary infec­tions.—Chest, 1982, 81, 556.

Легочное кровотечение

Ferris E.J. Pulmonary hemorrhage: evaluation and interventional therapy.—Chest, 1981, 80, 710.

Saw E.G., Gottlieb L.S., Yokoyama Т., Lee B.C. Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy and endobronchial tamponade in the management of massive hemoptysis.—Chest, 1976, 70, 589.

Weaver L.J., Solliday N.. Cugell D. W. Selection of patients with hemoptysis for fiberoptic bronchosco­py.—Chest, 1979, 76, 7.

Wolfe J.D., Simmons D.H. Hemoptysis: diagnosis and management.—Western. J. Med., 1977, 127, 383.

Приступ бронхиальной астмы

Fanta C.H., Passing Т.Н., McFadden E.R.Jr. Emergency room treatment of asthma: relationship bet­ween the therapeutic combinations, severity of obstruction and time course of response.— Am.J. Med., 1982, 72, 416.

Rebuck A.S., Read J. Assessment and management of severe asthma.—Am.J. Med., 1971, 51, 788.

Тромбоэмболия легочной артерии

Dalen J.E., Brooks H.L., Johnson L.W. et al. Pulmonary angiography in acute pulmonary embolism: In­dications, techniques, and results in 367 patients.—Am. Heart J., 1971, 81, 175.

Fraiantoni J.C.. Ness P., Simon T.L. Thrombolytic therapy.— N. Engl. J. Med., 1975, 293, 1073.

Hull R.D., Hirsh J., Carter C.J. et al. Pulmonary angiography, ventilation lung scanning, and venography for clinically suspected pulmonary embolism with abnormal perfusion lung scan.—Ann. Intern. Med., 1983, 98, 891.

Moser K.M. Pulmonary embolism.—Am. Rev. Respir. Dis., 1977, 115, 829.

Robin E.D. Overdiagnosis and overtreatment of pulmonary embolism: The emperor may have no clot­hes.—Ann. Intern. Med., 1977, 87, 775.


Fick R.B., Reynolds A.H. Changing spectrum of pneumonia-news media creation or clinical reality.— Am. J. Med., 1983, 74, 1.

George W.S., Finegold S.M. Bacterial infections of the lung. - Chest, 1982, 81, 502.

Johanson W.G., Pierce A.K., Sanford J.P., Thomas G.D. Nosocomial respiratory infections with gram-negative bacilli.—Ann. Int. Med., 1972, 77, 706.

MacFarlane J.Т., Ward M.J., Finch R.G., MacRae A.D. Hospital study of adult community-acquired pneumonia.—Lancet, 1982, 2, 255.

Murray P.R., Washingtone J.A. Microscopic and bacteriologic analysis of expectorated sputum. - Mayo Clin. Proc., 1975, 50, 339.

Pollock H.M., Hawkins E.L., Banner J.R., Sparkman Т., Bass J.B. Diagnosis of bacterial pulmonary in­fections with quantitative protected catheter culture obtained during bronchoscopy.—J. Clin. Micro-biol., 1983, 17, 255.

Плевральный выпот

Black L.F. The pleural space and pleural fluid.—Mayo Clin. Proc., 1972, 47, 493.

Light R.W. Pleural Diseases, Phyladelphia, Lea and Febiger, 1983.

Sahn S.A. The differential diagnosis of pleural effusions.—Western J. Med., 1982, 137, 99.

Острый отек легких при низком давлении в легочной артерии

Petty Т.L. Adult respiratory distress syndrome: definition and historical perspective. — Clin. Chest Med., 1982, 3, 3.

Rinaldo J.E., Rogers R.M. Adult respiratory distress syndrome: changing consepts of lung injury and re­pair.—N. Engl. J. Med., 1982, 306, 900.

Weisman I.M., Rinaldo J.E., Rogers R.M. Positive end expiratory pressure in adult respiratory failure. — N. Engl. J. Med., 1982, 307, 1381.

Острый отек легких при высоком давлении в легочной артерии

Massie В.M., Chatterjee К. Vasodilator therapy of pump failure complicating acute myocardial infarction.—Med. Clin. North. Am., 1979, 63, 25.

Rasanen J., Mikki P., Heikkila J. Acule myocardial infarction complicated by respiratory failure: the ef­fects of mechanical ventilation. Chest, 1984, 85, 21.

Wiener-Kroniah J.P., Matthay M.A. Diagnosis and treatment of acute respiratory failure. In: Scheinman M.M. ed. Cardiac Emergencies. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1984, 336.

Декомпенсация дыхания у больных с хроническими обструктивными заболеваниями легких

Albert R.K., Martin T.R., Lewis S.W. Controlled clinical trial of methylprednisolone in patients with chronic bronchitis and acute respiratory insufficiency. -Ann. Intern. Med., 1980, 92, 753.

Luce J.M., Tyier M.F., Pierson D.J. Intensive Respiratory Care. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1984, 258.

Nicotra M. В., Rivera M., Awe R.J. Antibiotic therapy of acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis: A co­ntrolled study using tetracycline. - Ann. Intern. Med., 1982, 97, 18.

Поражения диафрагмы

Cohen С.A., Zagelhaum G., Gross D., Roussos С.Н., Macklem Р.Т. Clinical manifestations ofinspiratory muscle fatigue.—Am. J. Mod., 1982, 73, 308.

Fraser R.G., Pare J.A.P. Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest, (2nd ed) Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1979, 1871.

Luce J.M., Culver B.fl. Respiratory muscle function in health and disease.- Chest, 1982, 81, 82.

Аспирация желудочного содержимого в дыхательные пути

Bynum L.J., Pierce А.К. Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents. —Am. Rev. Resp. Dis., 1976, 114, 1129.

Kallos Т., Lampe К.F., Orkin F.K. Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents. In: Orkin F.K., Cooperman L.Н., eds. Complications in Anesthesiology. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott, 1983, 152.

Lewis R.Т., Burgess J.Н., Hampson L.G. Cardiorespiratory studies in critical illness. Changes in aspira­tion pneumonia. Arch. Surg., 1971, 103, 335.


Johnson R.F., Green R.A. Pneumothorax.— In: Baum G.L., Wolinsky E., eds. Textbook of Pulmonary Diseases. Boston/Toronto, Little, Brown, 1983.

Lichler I., Gwynne J.F. Spontaneous pneumotorax in young subjects.—Thorax, 1971, 26, 409.

Steir N.. Ching N.. Roberts E. В., Nealon T. F.Jr. Pneumotorax complicating continuous ventilatory sup­port. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg., 1974, 67, 17.

Stradling P., Poole G. Conservative management of spontaneous pneumotorax.— Thorax, 1966, 21, 145.

Неполное утопление

Conn A.W., Barker G.A. Fresh water drowning and near drowning: an update. Can. Anaesth. Soc. J., 1984, 31, 38.

Jenkinson S.G., George R.B. Serial pulmonary function studies in survivors of near drowning.— Chest, 1980, 77, 777.

Oukes D.D., Sherck J.P., Maloney J.R., Charters A.C. III. Prognosis and management of victims of near-drowning. J. Trauma, 1982, 22, 544.

Sekar T.S., MacDonnell K.F., NamsiriKui P., Herman R.S. Survival after prolonged submersion in cold water without neurological sequelae. Report of two cases. Arch. Intern. Med., 1980, 140, 775.

Вдыхание дыма

Crapo R.O. Smoke-inhalation injuries.-JAMA, 1981, 246, 1694.

Putman C.E., Loke J.. Matthay R.A., Ravin C.E. Radiographic manifestations of acute smoke inhala­tion. - Am. J. Roenlgenol., 1977, 129, 865.

Robinson N.В., Hudson L.D., Riem M., Miller E. et al. Steroid therapy following isolated smoke injury.-J. Trauma, 1982, 22, 876.

Venus В., Matsuda Т., Copiozo J. В., Mathru M. Prophylactic intubation and continuous positive airway pressure in the management of inhalation injury in burn victims. Crit. Care Med., 1981, 9, 519.

Whilener D.R.. Whitener L.M., Robertson K.J.. Baxter C.R., Pierce A.K. Pulmonary function mea­surements in patients with thermal injury and smoke inhalation.—Am. Rev. Respir. Dis., 1980, 122, 731.

Легочные осложнения в послеоперационном периоде

Don Н.F. Hypoxemia and hypercapnia during and after anesthesia. In: Orkin F.K., Coopcrman L.Н., eds. Complications in Anesthesiology. Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1983, 183.

Marshall В. E., Wyche M.Q. Jr. Hypoxemia during and after anesthesia. Aneshlesiology, 1972, 37, 178.


Baskin S.E., Wozniak R.F. Hyperbaric oxygenation in the treatment ofhemodialysis-associatcd air ambolism.—N. Engl. J. Med., 1975, 293, 184.

Gross R., Israel R.Н. A graphic approach for prediction of arterial oxygen tension at different concentra­tions of inspired oxygen.—Chest, 1981, 79, 311.

Kettel L.J., Diener C.F., Morse J.O., Stein Н.F., Burrows B. Treatment of acute respiratory acidosis in chronic obstructive lung disease. JAMA, 1971, 217, 1503.

Техника эндотрахеальной интубации

Bannister F.B., Macbeth R.G. Direct laryngoscopy and trachcal intubation. Lancet II, 1944, 651.

Kopman A.F., Wollman J.B., Ross K., Surks S.M. Awake endotracheal intubation: A review of 267 cases.—Anesth. Analg., 1975, 54, 323.

Mulder D.S., Wallace D.Н., Woolhouse F.M. The use of nberoptic bronchoscope to facilitate endotrach­eal intubation following head and neck trauma. J. Trauma, 1975, 15, 638.

Pedersen B. Blind nasotracheal intubation: A review. Acta. Anaesthesiol. Scand., 1971, 15, 107.

Rogers S.N., Benumof J.L. New and easy techniques for liberoptic endoscopy-aided tracheal intuba­tion.—Anesthesiology, 1983, 59, 569.

Taylor P.A., Towley R.M. The bronchofibroscope as an aid to endotracheal intubation. Br. J. Anaesth., 1971, 44, 611.

Осложнения эндотрахеальной интубации

Aass A.S. Complications oftracheostomy and long-term intubation: a follow-up study. Acta Anaesthe­siol. Scand, 1975, 19, 127.

Baron S.H., Kohlmoos Н. W. Laryngeal sequelae of endotracheal anesthesia. Anesth. Analg., 1975, 54, 767.

Blanc V.F., Tremblay N.A.G. The complications of tracheal intubation: a new classification with a review of the literature. Aneasth. Analg., 1974, 53, 202.

Burns Н.P., Dayal V.S., Scott A., Van Nostrand A.W.P., Bryce D.P. Laryngotracheal trauma: observa­tions on its pathogenesis and its prevention following prolonged orotracheal intubation in the adult.—Laryngoscope, 1979, 89, 1316.

Knodel A.R., Beckman J.F. Unexplained fevers in patiens with nasotracheal intubation. JAMA, 1982, 248, 868.

Lindholm C.E. Prolonged endotracheal intubation. Acta Anaesthesiol. Scand. (suppl.), 1970, 33, 1.

Stauffer J.L., Olson D.E., Petty T.L. Complications and consequences of endotracheal intubation and tracheostomy. - Am. J. Med., 1981, 70, 65.

Показания к искусственной вентиляции легких

Petheram I.S., Branthwaite M.A. Mechanical ventilation for pulmonary disease. A six year survey. Anaesthesia, 1980, 35, 467.

Wilson R.S., Rie M.A. Management of mechanical ventilation.—Surg. Clin. North Med., 1975, 55, 591.

Методика проведения искусственной вентиляции легких

Connors A.F. Jr., McCaffree D.R., Gray B. A. Effect of inspiratory flow rate on gas exchange during mechanical ventilation.—Am. Rev. Respir. Dis., 1981, 124, 537.

Froese А.В., Вгуап А.С. High frequency ventilation. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis., 1981, 123, 249.

Трудности и осложнения при искусственной вентиляции легких

Buda A.J., Pinsky M.R., Ingels N.В., Jr, Daughters G.Т.II. Stinson E.В., Alderman E.L. Effect ofintrat-horacic pressure on left ventricular performance. New Engl. J. Med., 1979, 301, 453.

Cullen D.J., Caldera D.L. The incidence of ventilator-induced pulmonary barotrauma in critically ill pa­tients. Anesthesiology, 1979, 50, 185.

Прекращение искусственной вентиляции легких

Luce J.M., Pierson D.J., Hudson L.D. Intermittent mandatory ventilation.—Chest, 1981, 79, 678.

Schacter E.N.. Tucker D., Beck G.J. Does intermittent mandatory ventilation accelerate weaning?— JAMA, 1981, 246, 1210.

Искусственная вентиляция легких с постоянным положительным давлением в дыхательных путях

Luce J.M., Robertson H.Т., Huang Т., Colley P.S., Gronka R.. Nessly M.L., Cheney F. W. The effects of expiratory positive airway pressure on the resolution ofoleic acid-induced lung injury in dogs.—Am. Rev. Respir. Dis., 1982, 125, 716.

Murray I.P., Modell J.H., Gallagher Т.J., Banner M.J. Titration of PEEP by the arterial minus end-tidal carbon dioxide gradient.- Chest, 1984, 85, 100.

Springer R.R.. Stevens P.M. The influence of PEEP on survival of patients in respiratory failure.— Am. J. Med., 1979, 66, 196.

Показания к поддержанию постоянного положительного давления в дыхательных путях

Annest S.J., Gottlieh M., Paloski W. Я., Stratton H., NewellJ. C.. Dutton R., Powers S. R. Jr. Detrimental effects of removing end-expiratory pressure prior to endotracheal extubation.—Ann. Surg., 1980, 191, 539.

Covelli H. D., Weled В. J., Beekman J. F. Efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure administered by face mask.—Chest, 1982, 81, 147.

Poulton E.O. Left-sided heart failure with pulmonary oedema. Its treatment with the "pulmonary plus pressure machine". —Lancet, 1936, 231, 981.

Quan S.F., Falltrick R.T., Scholobohm R. M. Extubation from ambient or expiratory positive airway pressure in adults.—Anesthesiology, 1981, 55, 53.


Barrett C.R. Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy in the critically ill patients.—Chest, 1978, 73 (Suppi), 746.

Feldman N.Т., Huber G.L. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy in the intensive care unit.—Intern. Anesthesiol. Clin., 1976, 14, 31.

Marini J.J., Pierson D.H., Hudson L.D. Acute lobar atelectasis: A prospective comparisone of fiberoptic bronchoscopy and respiratory therapy.—Am. Rev. Respir. Dis., 1979, 119, 971.


Fine-Mueller P.P., van Sonnenberg E., Simeone J.F. Fine needle transhepatic cholangiography: indicators and usefulness.—Ann. Intern. Med., 1982, 97, 567.

Scharschmidt В.F., Goflan J.L. Current concepts ofbilirubin metabolism and hereditary hyperbilirubinemia. -In: Popper H., Schaffner F., eds. Progress in Liver Disease, Vol. VI. New York, Grune and Stratton, 1979, 187.

Scharschmidt B.F. Jaundice. — In: Sleisenger M.H., Fordtran J.S., eds. Gastrointestinal Disease, 3rd ed. Philadelphia, WD Saunders, 1983, 355.

Scharschmidt B.F., Goldberg H.I., Schmid R. Approach to the patient with cholestatic jaundice. — N. Engl. J. Med., 1983, 108, 1515.

Vennes J.A., Bond J.H. Approach to the jaundiced patient.—Gastroenterology, 1983, 84, 1615.

Печеночная недостаточность

Berk P.D., Popper H. Fulminant hepatic failure. -Am. J. Gastroenterol., 1978, 69, 349.

Canulese J.. Gimson A.E.S., Davis C., Mellon P.J.. Davis M., Williams R. Controlled trial of dexametha-sone and mannitol for cerebral edema of fulminant hepatic failure.— Gut, 1982, 23, 625.

Ноуитра А.М. Jr., Desmond Р.V., Avant G.R., Roberts R.K., Schenker S. Hepatic encephalopathy.— Gastroenterology, 1979, 76, 184.

Jones E.A., Schafer D. F. Fulminant hepatic failure.— In: Zakim D., Boyer T. D., eds. Hepatology. Phila­delphia, WB Saunders, 182, 145.

MacDougall B.R.D., Bailey R.J.. Williams R. H^-reccptor antagonists and antacids in the prevention of acute gast rointestinal haemorrhage in fulminant hepatic failure.- Lancet, 1977, 1, 617.


Aach R.D., Hahn R.A. Post transfusion hepatitis: current perspectives.—Ann. Intern. Med., 1980, 92, 539.

Czaja A.J. Serologic markers of hepatitis A and В in acute and chronic liver disease.— Mayo Clin. Proc., 1979, 54, 721.

Ockner R.K. Drug-induced liver disease. In: Zakim D., Boyer Т., eds. Hepatology. Philadelphia, WB. Saunders, 1982, 691.

Seeff L.B. Diagnosis, therapy and prognosis of viral hepatitis.—In: Zakim D., Boyer Т., eds. Hepatolo­gy. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1982, 911.

Smedile A., Dentise P., Zgnetti A. et al. Infection with the delta agent in chronic HBsAg carriers.— Gastroenterology, 1981, 81, 992.

Кровотечение из верхнего отдела пищеварительного тракта

Clark A.W., Westaby D., Silk D.B.A. et al. Prospective controlled trial of injection sclerotherapy in pa­tients with cirrosis and recent variceal hemorrhage. -Lancet, 1980, 2, 552.

Larson D.E., Farnell M.B. Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.—Mayo Clin. Proc., 1983, 58, 371.

Peterson W.L. Gastrointestinal bleeding.—In: Sleisenger M. H., Fordtran J. S., eds. Gastrointestinal Di­sease. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1983, 177.

Steer J.L., Silen W. Diagnostic procedures in gastrointestinal bleeding.—N. Engl. J. Med., 1983, 309, 646.

Zuckerman G., Welch R., Douglas A. et al. Controlled trial of medical therapy for active upper gastrointe­stinal bleeding and prevention of rebleeding.—Am. J. Med., 1984, 76, 361.

Кровотечение из нижнего отдела пищеварительного тракта

Меуеr С.Т., Troncale F.J., Galloway S., Sheahan D.G. Arteriovenous malformations of the bowel: an analysis of 22 cases and review of the literature.—Medicine, 1981, 60, 36.

Peterson W.J. Gastrointestinal bleeding.— In: Sleisinger M.H., Fordtran J. S., eds. Gastrointestinal Di­sease; Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management. Philadelphia WB Saunders, 1983, 177.

Steer M.L., Silen W. Diagnostic procedures in gastrointestinal hemorrhage.—N. Engl. J. Med., 1983, 309, 646.

Tedesco F.J., Waye J.D., Raskin J.B., Morris S.J., Greenwald R.A. Colonoscopic evaluation of rectal bleeding. A study of 304 patients.—Ann. Intern. Med., 1978, 89, 907.

Острая боль в животе

Eisenberg R.L., Heineken P., Hedgcock M.W., Federle M., Goldberg H.I. Evaluation of plain abdominal radiographs in the diagnosis of abdominal pain.—Ann. Intern. Med., 1982, 97, 257.

Eschenbach D.A., Holmes К. К. Acute pelvic inflammatory disease: current concepts ofpathogenesis, etio­logy and management.—Clin. Obstet. Gynecol., 1975, 18, 35.

Jones P.F. Active observation in the management of acute abdominal pain in childhood.— Br. Med. J., 1976, 2, 551.

Lawrie G.M., Crawford E.S., Morris G.C.Jr, Howell J.F. Progress in the treatment of the ruptured ab­dominal aortic aneurysm.—World J. Surg., 1980, 4, 653.

Silen W. In: Cope's Early Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen, 15th ed. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1979.

Острый панкреатит

Bradley E.L., Clements J.L.Jr., Gonzalez A.C. The natural history of pancreatic pseudocysts: a unified concept of management.—Am. J. Surg., 1979, 137, 135.

Jeffrey R.В., Federle M.P., Cello J.P., Crass R.A. Early computed tomographic scanning in acute severe pancreatitis.—Surg. Gynecol. Obstet., 1982, 154, 170.

Ranson J.H.C. Conservative surgical treatment of acute pancreatitis.—World J. Surg., 1981, 5, 351.

Ranson J.H.C., Spencer F.C. The role of peritoneal lavage in severe acute pancreatitis.—Ann. Surg., 1978, 187, 565.

Weaver D.W., Bouwman D.L.. Walt A.J., Clink D.. Resto A., Stephany J. A correlation between clinical pancreatitis with isoenzyme patterns of amylase.—Surgery, 1982, 92, 576.

Маточное кровотечение

Batzer F.R., Schlaff S., Golbfarb A.F. et al. Serial beta-subunit human chorionic gonadotropin doubling time as a prognosticator of pregnancy outcome in an infertility population.—Fertil. Steril., 1981, 35, 307.

Chamberlin G. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Clin. Obstet. Gynecol., 1981. 8, 93.

Crissman J.D., Azoury R.S., Barnes A.E. et al. Endometrial carcinoma in women 40 years of age and younger.—Obstet. Gynecol., 1981, 57. 699.

Schwartz R.O., DiPietro D.L. Beta-hCG as a diagnostic aid for suspected ectopic pregnancy. -Obstet. Gynecol., 1980, 56, 197.


Martin Tr., Tupper W.R.C. The management of severe toxemia in patients of less than 36 weeks gesta­tion. Obstet. Gynecol., 1979, 54, 602.

Pritchard J.A. Management of severe prceclampsia and eclampsia.—Semin. Perinatol., 1978, 2, 83.

Weinstein L. Syndrome ofhemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelel count.-Am. J. Obstet. Gy­necol., 1982, 142, 159.

Эмболия околоплодными водами

Laros R.K. Amniotic fluid embolism. In: Iffy L., Kaminetsky H.A., cds. Textbook of Obstetrics and

Gynecology. New York, John Wiley and Sons, 1981.

Lwnley J., Owen R., Morgan M. Amniotic fluid embolism.—Ancsthesiology, 1979, 34, 33.

Mason R.G., Ruggieri J., Siddiqui M. M. Amniotic fluid embolism: difinitive diagnosis in a survivor. — Am. Rev. Respir. Dis., 1979, 120, 187.


Espinel C.H. The FeNa test.-JAMA, 1976, 236, 579.

Miller Т. R., Anderson R.J., Unas S.L. et al. Urinary diagnostic indices in acute renal failure. Ann. In­tern. Med., 1978, 89, 47.

Schrier R. W., Conger J.D. Acute renal failure.— In: Schrier R. W., ed. Renal and Electrolyte Disorders. Boston, Little, Brown, 1980, 391.

Острая почечная недостаточность

Kopple J.D. Acute renal failure: conservative, nondialytic management. In— Glassock R.J., cd. Cur­rent therapy in Nephrology and Hypertension. Burlington, Ontario, ВС Decker. 1984, 236.

Levinsky N.G., Alexander E. A., Venkatachalam M. A. Acute renal failere.—In: Brenner B.M., Re­ctor F.C., eds. The Kidney. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1981, 1181.

Linton A.L., Clark W.F., Driedger A. A. et al. Acute interstitial nephritis due to drugs. Ann. Intern. Med., 1980, 93, 735.

Неотложный гемодиализ

Blye E., Lorch J.. Cortell S. Extracorporcal therapy in the treatment of intoxication. -Am. J. Kidney Dis., 1984, 3, 321.

Hakim P.M., Lazarus J.M. eds. Acute Renal Failure. Philadelphia WB Saunders, 1983, 643.

Kjellstrand C.M., PruC.E., JahnkeW.R., DavinT.D. Acute renal failure. In: Drukker W., Par­sons F. M., Mahler J. F., eds. Replacement of Renal Function by Dialysis, 2nd ed. Boston, Martinus Nijhoff 1983, 536.

Lazarus J.M., Kjellstrand C.M. Dialysis: medical aspects. In: Brenner B.M., Rector F.C. Jr, eds. The Kidney. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1981, 2490.

Whittemore A.D. Vascular access for hemodialysis. — In: Tilney N. L., Lazarus J. M., eds. Surgical Care of the Patient with Renal Failure. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1981, 49.

Перитонеальнын диализ

Black ff.R. et al. The treatment of peritonitis in patients with chronic indwelling catheters.—Trans. Am.

Soc. Artif. Int. Organs, 1974, 20, 115. Henderson L. W. Peritoneal dialysis. - In: Massry S. G., Sellers A. L., eds. Clinical Aspects of Uremia and

Dialysis. Springfield, II. Charles С Thomas, 1976, 555. TenckoffH. Peritoneal dialysis today: A new look. Nephron, 1974, 12, 420.

VaamondC.A., Perez G.0. Peritoneal dialysis today. -The Kidney, 1977, 10, 31.


Braverman L.E. Thyrotoxicosis: therapeutic considerations.—Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 1978, 7, 221.

Kaplan M.M.. Utiger R.D. Diagnosis of Hyperthyroidism. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 1978, 7, 97.

Mackin J.F., Canary J.J., Pittman C.S. Thyroid storm and its management. N. Engl. J. Mod., 1974, 291, 1396.

McClung M.R., Greer M.A. Treatment of hyperthyroidism. Ann. Rev. Med., 1980, 31, 385.

Острая надпочечниковая недостаточность

Irvine W.J., Barnes E.W. Adrenocortical insufficiency. Clin. Endocrinol. Mctah., 1972, 1, 549.

Nerup J. Addison's disease-a review of some clinical, pathological and immunological features. Dan. Med. Bull., 1974, 21, 201.

Speckart P.К., Nicolqff'J. Т., Bethune J.E. Screening for adrenocortical insufficiency with cosyntropin (synthetic ACTH). Arch. Intern. Med., 1971, 128, 761.

Wood J.В.. Frankland A.W., James V. H. Т., Landon J. A rapid test of adrenocortical function. Lancet, 1965, 1, 243.


Arieff A.I., Guisado R. Effects on the central nervous system ofhypernatremic and hyponatremic states. Kidney Internal, 1976, 10, 104.

Ayus J.С., Olivero J.J., Frommer J.P. Rapid correction to severe hyponatremia with intravenous hyper-tonic saline solutions.—Am. J. Med., 1982, 72, 43.

Flear С.T.G., Gill G.V. Hyponatremia: mechanisms and management Lancet, 1981, 2, 26.

Hartman D., Rossier В., Zohlman R., Schrier R. Rapid correction hyponatremia in the syndrome of inap­propriate secretion of antidiurctic hormone.- Ann. Int. Med., 1973, 28, 870.

Schrier R.W. Renal and Electrolyte Disorders, 2nd ed., Boston, Little, Brown, 1980.


Cohen J.J. Disorders of potassium balance.—Hosp. Pract., 1979, 14, 119. Katz L.D.. DeFronzo R. A. Hyperkalemia. In: Glassock R.J., cd. Current Therapy in Nephrology and

Hypertension. Burlington, Ontario, ВС Decker, 1984, 236. Rose B.D. Hyperkalemia. —In: Clinical Physiology of Acid-base and Electrolyte Disorders. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1977, 482.


Avioli L.V. The therapeutic approach to hypoparathyroidism. Am. J. Med., 1974, 57, 34.

Juan D. Hypocalcemia: Differential diagnosis and mechanisms. Arch. Intern. Mod., 1979, 139, 1166.

Schneider А.В., Stewart L.M. Pathogenesis and management of Hypoparathyroidism and other hypocalcemic disorders.—Metabolism, 1975, 24, 871.


Lee D.B.N., Zawada E.Т., Kleeman C.R. The pathophysiology and clinical aspects of hypocalccmic di­sorders.- Western, J. Med., 1978, 129, 278.

Mundy G.R., Martin T.J. The hypcrcalcemia of malignancy. Pathogenesis and management. Metabolism, 1982, 31, 1247.

Stewart A.F. Therapy of malignancy-associated hypercalcemia: 1983. Amer. J. Med., 1983, 74, 475.

Suki W.N.. Yium J.J., Van Minden M., Sailer-Herkett C.. Eknoyan W. N., Murtinez-Maldonado M. Acu­te treatment of hypercalcemia with furocemide.- N. Engl. J. Med., 1970, 283, 836.


Arieff A.I.. Guisado P. Effects on the central nervous system ofhypernatremic and hyponatremic states. Kidney Internal, 1976, 10, 104.

Feig P.U.. McCurdv D.К. The hypertonic state. N. Engl. J. Med., 1977, 297, 1444.

Loeb J.N. The hyperosmolar state.—N. Engl. J. Med., 1974, 290, 1184.

Schrier R.W. Renal and Electrolyte Disorders, 2nd ed., Boston, Little, Brown, 1980.

Simon P.P., Freedman D.D. Neurological manifestations of osmolar disorders. Geriatrics, 1980, 35, 71-83.

Метаболический ацидоз

Adrogue H., Wilson H., Boyd A. E.. III. Suki W. N., Eknoyan G. Plasma acid-base patterns in diabetic ketoacidosis. N. Engl. J. Med., 1982, 307, 1603.

DuBose T.D. Jr. Clinical approach to patients with acid-base disorders. Med. Clin. North. Am., 1983, 67, 799.

Lever E., Juspan J.В. Sodium bicarbonate therapy in severe diabetic ketoacidosis.—Am. J. Med., 1983, 75, 263.

Stucpoole P.W., Harmun E.M., Curry S.H., Baumgartner T.G., Misbin R.I. Treatment of lactic acidosis with dichloroacetate. - N. Engl. J. Med., 1983, 309, 390.

Stolberg L.. Roife R., Gitlin N., Merritt J., MannL., Jr„ Under J., Finegold S. D-lactic acidosis due to abnormal gut flora. Diagnosis and treatment of two cases.—N. Enel. J. Med., 1982, 306, 1344.

Метаболический алкалоз

Cogan M.G., Liu F.. Berger B.E., Sebastian A., Rector F. C.Jr. Metabolic alkalosis.—Med. Clin. North. Am., 1983, 67, 903.

Javuheri S., Shore N.S., Rose В., Kazemi H. Compensatory hypoventilation in metabolic alkalosis.— Chest., 1982, 81, 296.

Madius N.E.. Levcy A.S. Metabolic alkalosis due to absorption of "nonabsorbable" antacids.—Am. J. Med., 1983, 74, 155.

Rothe K.F. Hydrochloric acid for metabolic alkalosis.—Lancet, 1983, 1(8337), 1332.


Edwards G. A. et al. Effectivncss of low-dose continuous intravenous insulin infusion in diabetic ketoaci­dosis.—J. Pediatr., 1977, 91, 701.

Kinesberg R.A. Diabetic ketoacidosis: new concepts and trends in pathogenesis and treatment.—Arch. Int. Med., 1978, 88, 681.

Simon P.P., Freedman D.D. Neurologic manifestation of osmolar disorders.—Geriatrics, 1980, 35, 71.

Weber M.F.., Ahbassi V. Continuous intravenous insulin therapy in severe diabetic ketoacidosis: varia­tions in dosage reguirements.—J. Pediatr., 1977, 91, 755.


Fitzgerald F.T. Clinical hypophosphatemia. Ann. Rev. Med., 1978, 29, 177. KnochelJ.P. Hypophosphatemia.- West. J. Med., 1981, 134, 15.

Lentz R.D., Brown D.M., Kjellstrand C.M. Treatment of severe hypophosphatemia.—Ann. Intern. Med., 1978, 89, 941.


Chernow В., Lake С.R., Zaritsky A. et al. Sympathetic nervous system "switch off" with severe hypother­mia. - Crit. Care Med., 1983, 11, 677.

Chinard F.P. Accidental hypothermia - a brief review. J. Med., Soc. New Jersey, 1978, 75, 610.

Hudson L.D., Conn R.D. Accidental hypothermia: associated diagnosis and prognosis in a common pro­blem.--JAMA, 1974, 227, 37.

Ream А.К., Reilz В.A., Silverberg G. Temperature correction of PCO2 and pH in estimating acid-base status,— Anesthesiology, 1982, 56, 41.

Reuler J.В. Hypothermia: pathophysiology, clinical settings, and management.—Ann. Intern. Med., 1978, 89, 519.

Trevino A., Razi В., Belter D.M. The characteristic electrocardiogram of accidental hypothermia.—Arch. Intern. Med., 1971, 127, 470.

Поддерживающее питание

Apelgren K.N., Wilmore D. W. Nutritional care of the critically ill patients.—Surg. Clin. North. Am., 1983, 63, 497.

Ballinger W.F., Collins J.A., Drucker W.R. et al. Manual of Surgical Nutrition. Philadelphia, WB Saun-ders, 1975.

Elwyn D.H. Nutritional requirements of adult surgical patients.—Crit. Care. Med., 1979, 8, 9.

Kudsk К.A., Stone J.M., Sheldon G.F. Nutrition in trauma and burns.—Surg. Clin. North. Am., 1981, 62, 183.

Padberg F.Т., Ruggerio J., Blackburn G.L. et al. Central venous catheterization for parenteral nutri­tion-Ann. Surg.. 1981, 193, 264.

Ryan J.A., Abel P.M., Abbot W.M. etal. Catheter complications of total parenteral nutrition— N. Engl. J. Med., 1974, 290, 757.

Wilmore D.W. The Metabolic Management of the Critically III. New York.—Plenum Medical Books, 1977.

Острый генерализованный сепсис

Kreger В.E. et al. Gram-negative bacteremia. Ill Reassessement of etiology, epidemiology and scology in 612 patients.—Am. J. Med., 1980, 68, 332.

Kreger В.E. et al. Gram-negative bacteremia. IV Reevaluation of clinical features and treatment in 612 pa­tients.- Am. J. Med., 1980, 68, 344.

Mandell G.L. et al., eds. Principles and Practise of Infectious Disease. New York, Wiley Medical Publica­tions, 1979, 571.

Борьба с инфекцией в отделении интенсивной терапии

Centers for Disease Control. Guidlines for prevention of nosocomial pneumonia.—Infection Control., 1982, 3, 327.

Polk H.С., Simpson С.J., Simmons B.P., Alexander J.W. Guidlines for prevention of surgical wound in­fection.—Arch. Surg., 1983, 118, 1213.

Stamm W.E. Infections related to medical devices. Ann. Intern. Med., 1978, 89(Part 2), 764.

Wenzel R.P., Thompson R.L., Landry S.M. et al. Hospital-acquired infections in intensive care unit pa­tients: an overview with emphasis on epidemics.—Infection Control., 1983, 4, 371.

Кожная сыпь

Ganem D. Toxic Shock Syndrome. Medical Staff Conference, University of California, San Francisco.— Western, J. Med., 1981, 135, 383.

Swartz M. Skin and soft tissue infections.—In: Mandell et al., eds. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, New York, Wiley Medical Publications. 1979, 797.

Hirsh M.S.. Schooley R. T. Treatment of herpes virus infections.—N. Engl. J. Med., 1983, 309, 963.

Осложнения при онкологических заболеваниях

Matthay К.К. Pediatric oncologic emergencies. In: Pascoe D. ed. Pediatric Emergencies. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott, 1984.

Pizzo P.A., Robichaud K.J., Gill F.A. et al. Empiric antibiotic and antifungal therapy for cancer patients with prolonged fever and granulocytopenia.—Am. J. Med., 1982, 72, 101.

Yarbro J. W., Bornstein R.S. Oncologic Emergencies, New York, Grune and Stratton, 1981.

Системная красная волчанка

Gladman D.D., Urowitz M.В., Tozman E.C., Glynn M.F.X. Haemostatic abnormalities in systemic lupus erythematosus.—Quart. J. Med., 1983, 52, 424.

Haupt H.M., Moore G.W., Hutchins G.M. The lung in systemic lupus erythematosus.—Am. J. Med., 1981, 71, 791.

Zizic T.M., Classen J.N.. Stevens M.B. Acute abdominal complications of systemic lupus erythematosus and polyarteritis nodosa. Am. J. Med., 1982, 73, 525.


Cassem N.H., Hackell T.P. The setting of intensive care.—In: Hackett T.P., Cassem N. H., eds. Massa­chusetts General Hospital Handbook of General Hospital Psychiatry. St. Louis, CV Mosby, 1978.

Kornfeld D.H. The intensive care unit in adults. — Adv. Psychosom. Med., 1980, 10, 1.


Eisendrath S.J. Depression and psychosis. In: Roe В. В., ed. Perioperative Management in Cardiothoracic Surgery. Boston: Little, Brown, 1981, 175.

Отказ от реанимации

Jonsen A., Siegler M., Winslade W. Clinical Ethics. New York, Macmillan, 1982, Chap, 1, 1, 6.

Lee M.A., Cassel C. The ethical and legal framework for the decision not to resuscitate.—Western J. Med., 1984, 140, 117.

Lo В., Steinhrook R.L. Deciding whether to resuscitate.—Arch. Intern. Med., 1983, 143, 1561.

Miles S.H., Cranford R.E., Schultz A. L. The Do Not Resuscitate Order in a teaching hospital. Ann. Int. Med., 1982, 96, 660.

President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research: Deciding to forego life sustaining treatment. Washingtone, D. C. Government Printing Of­fice, 1983, Chap. 7.

Смерть мозга

Beresford H.R. Severe neurological impairment: legal aspects of decisions to reduce care. Ann. Neurol., 1984, 15, 409.

Cranford R.E., Smith H.L. Some critical distinctions between brain death and persistent vegetative sta­te. Ethics in Science and Medicine, 1979, 6, 199.

Jonsen A., Siegler M., Winslade W. Clinical Ethics. New York, Macmillan, 1982, 1, 6.

President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and in Biomedical and Behavioral Research: Deciding to forego life sustaining treatment. Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1983, Chap. 5.

President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research: Defining death. Washington DC, Government Printing Office, 1981.

Veith F.J.. Fein J.M. et al. Brain death. I JAMA, 1977, 238, 1651.

Veith F.J., Fein J.M. et al. Brain death. II JAMA, 1977, 238, 1744.

X. Дон

Принятие решения в интенсивной терапии

Зав. редакцией О. Ю. Шешукова. Редакторы издательства И. Э. Захарова, E. В. Ярных. Редактор т.е. Елистратова. Художественный редактор В. Л. Фисенко. Оформление художника H. Терехова. Технические редакторы З.А. Ро­манова, H. В. Сорокина. Корректор Л. А. Кокорева.

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